In stdQM the ground state of an atom of kernel charge and electrons, is represented by an anti-symmetric (taking an additional spin variable into account) wave function depending on a -dimensional space variable with the independent 3d variables, which minimizes the total energy
where now with the gradient with respect to and ,
subject to the normalization
The equation expressing stationarity of total energy is the standard multi-d Schrödinger equation with the energy and the standard multi-d Hamiltonian defined by
and the Laplacian with respect to , as a partial differential equation for a wave function depending on spatial variables. As such the wave function can be given a physical meaning in physical 3d space only in the case of Hydrogen with . For the wave function is given a non-physical probabilistic meaning as a probability distribution of electron configurations with electron at position for . We see that the standard Schr\”odinger equation is a linear multi-d partial differential equation.
The assumption of antisymmetry of the wave function guarantees satisfaction of Pauli’s Exclusion Principle stating that two electrons (with the same spin) cannot be at the same place (while two electrons with opposite spin can). Antisymmetry means that changes sign upon permutation of any two electron positions and , from which follows that if , which is interpreted to mean that the probability of electron and being at the same place is zero.
Schrödinger’s equation for an atom with 10 electrons thus involves 30 independent spatial variables/coordinates (up to anti-symmetry), and with a modest resolution of 100 mesh points in each coordinate direction, the total number of mesh points would be which is more than the estimated total number of atoms in the Universe. The multi-d Schr\”odinger equation for an atom with several electrons is thus uncomputable and solutions are thus unknowable and as such of questionable scientific value.
We understand that the unphysical meaning of the standard multi-d wave function goes hand in hand with uncomputability. What is needed is a wave function which both has physical meaning and is computable, while the wave function offered by standard quantum mechanics is both unphysical and uncomputable. The effect is a quantum mechanics of modern physics where causality and physicality no longer have any meaning and electrons are assumed to be present both everywhere and nowhere.
stdQM offers a linear high-dimensional uncomputable model, which is turned computable in Hartree-Fock and DFT at the expense of (more or less severe) distortion. On the other hand realQM offers a 3d non-linear model, which we show to be computable in laptop computations of ground state energy of atoms in the periodic table in spherical symmetry in agreement with reference values. This indicates that realQM ab initio computations may be feasible in large generality.
The linearity of std Schrödinger is a cornerstone of stdQM, which has led modern physicists to believe that quantum computers can be constructed based on superposition of atomic states, so far however only fantasy. But the rationale of insisting to model atom physics with a linear equation is lacking. Macro-physics is not linear and there is no reason to believe that micro-physics is. To believe in superposition of life and death of a Schrödinger cat is superstition physics.